Every individual have different types of needs and goals which he always attempts to achieve but due to some external and internal factors it is not possible for him or her to achieve these goals.
Most of the time in these cases people starts suffering from frustration as they are not able to complete their goals or achieve it. Because of which some individual may react physically as for them it is the way of reducing their frustration like destroying objects, shouting, fighting out of frustration to adjust him to PROTECT HIS OR HER EGO.
Therefore we can say that adjustment mechanism is the device to achieve an indirect satisfaction in order to reduce his or her tension as suggested by Dr.R.K. Suri(Founder Psychowellness Center, Mentor Talk To Angel)
For example- If a boy wanted to become a doctor but was unable to clear the entrance exam then he can become frustrated and may behave in a different way to get over his frustration.
GENERALLY NORMAL PEOPLE ADOPT A HEALTHY MECHANISM TO PROTECT HIS or HER EGO WHICH IS SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE.
DEFENCE MECHANISM – it is a type of adjustment mechanism through which individual start coping with his stress and protect his ego.
Following are the types of defense mechanism which was given by Sigmund Freud –
1. DISPLACEMENT MECHANISM
Displacement management is the kind of management where the person shows the frustration on some other thing to satisfy the ego. For example if a teacher had a fight at her home, she then came to school and while teaching in the class she shouted on a boy without any reason.
2. FIXATION MECHANISM
Fixation management is a type of defense mechanism where the person attaches oneself in an unreasonable way to some person or arresting emotional development at a childhood level.
Like many people starts behaving like a kid or starts speaking like a kid when he or she is sad or feels frustrated.
3. PROJECTION MECHANISM
It is attributing one’s unacceptable motives or characteristics to others.
In this method an individual tries to repress his guilt feelings by projecting them into other thing and people.
POINT TO BE NOTED- Extreme use of projection is frequently observed in neurotic &psychotic cases.
It can be described as using explanation behind unworthy motives of one’s behavior.
It’s like giving a reason for their not so good thoughts.
5. REACTION FORMATION
In this the person do not present their real feelings or thoughts or we can say that they react just opposite to what they exactly feel.
For example when someone likes other person many times he tries to hide his actual feelings and starts to react just opposite of what he actually feels.
THESE WERE SOME INTERSTING MECHANISMS WHICH PEOPLE USES IN ORDER TO SATISFY THEIR EGO.